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Tuesday, June 12, 2018

This area of study looks at how the use of technology in courts and throughout the justice system could be improved to better support the legal needs of citizens. Some types of courtroom technology that have been advocated as opportunities to save clients time and money include video conferencing, in court document management systems, electronic document displays, among other electronic filing of documents, and electronic discovery of documents.

Links to related resources are listed below.

A Brave New World: Justice Innovation in Canada = Le Meilleur des Mondes : L’Innovation en Justice au Canada

Author: Association of Canadian Court Administrators
Year and Publisher: 2010, Association of Canadian Court Administrators
Description: Results from a cross-Canada survey on “technology supported business re-engineering” initiatives.
Link: http://www.acca-aajc.ca/LinkClick.aspx?fileticket=o8w8rIFKOGM%3d&tabid=189&mid=701

The Impact of Technology on Courts and Judicial Ethics: An Overview

Author: Karen Eltis: (L. Sossin, A. Dodek, eds.)
Year and Publisher: 2009, University of Toronto Press
Description: “In an effort to alert judges to up-and-coming matters deriving from the use of technology, the following will first endeavor to highlight issues arising from the interplay between technology and judging. It will then more specifically address two of the referenced issues namely, the networked environment’s ramifications for out-of-court judicial expression and judicial use of online resources (including search engines and Wikipedia) as it relates to competence and diligence, inter alia.”
Link: http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=1304619

Lawyering for the Future

Author: Glenn Lauth
Year and Publisher: 2009, Canadian Lawyer
Description: Discussing the possibilities of moving lawyering to a more electronic platform to save time and money.
Link: http://www.canadianlawyermag.com/Lawyering-for-the-future.html

Court Technology SCAN – Canadian Centre for Court Technology = La Justice et les Nouvelles Technologies – Le Centre Canadien de Technologie Judiciaire

Author: Daniel Poulin & Fran Kiteley
Year and Publisher: 2006, News & Views on Civil Justice Reform = Idées et Actualités sur la Réforme de la Justice Civile
Description: On August 17, 2005 in Vancouver, approximately 60 representatives of the justice sector participated in an exciting Forum to explore the prospects of establishing a Canadian Centre for Court Technology. After many years of attending at Court Technology Conferences (CTC’s) in the United States offered by the National Center for State Courts, there was a view that perhaps a “made in Canada” alternative ought to be explored.
Link: newsviews09-en.pdf

Open Courts, Electronic Access to Court Records, and Privacy: Discussion paper prepared on behalf of the Judges Technology Advisory Committee

Author: Canadian Judicial Council & Judges Technology Advisory Committee
Year and Publisher: 2003, Canadian Judicial Council & Judges Technology Advisory Committee
Description: Based on a review of jurisprudence established by the Supreme Court of Canada, JTAC has concluded that the right of the public to open courts is an important constitutional rule, that the right of an individual to privacy is a fundamental value, and that the right to open courts generally outweighs the right to privacy. This discussion paper further develops the many policy and logistical issues which arise when courts accommodate electronic filing and electronic retrieval of court records and docket information.
Link: http://www.cjc-ccm.gc.ca/cmslib/general/news_pub_techissues_OpenCourts_20030904_en.pdf

Videoconferencing in British Columbia

Author: Julian Borkowski
Year and Publisher: 2003, Association of Canadian Court Administrators Annual Conference September 14-17, 2003
Description: Court Services Branch has created a provincial network for videoconferencing in courts and correctional centres. Our vision is that “videoconferencing is a regular part of daily operations which will be used whenever appropriate, to reduce or avoid movement of prisoners, witnesses and judges and to expedite the timely progress of cases.” The paper gives an overview of BC’s network, responses and feedback, benefits and potential future improvements.
Link: videoconferencing.pdf

Use of Technology at the Supreme Court of Canada

Author: Barbara Kincaid
Year and Publisher: 2003, Association of Canadian Court Administrators Annual Conference September 14-17, 2003
Description: The Supreme Court of Canada has been a leader in incorporating technology into court functions. This paper will outline briefly the advances in electronic filing at the Supreme Court of Canada as well as some of the other uses of technology at the Court.
Link: scc_tech.pdf

Paper Optional (Benefits in using electronically signed documents)

Author: Peter Baran
Year and Publisher: 2003, Association of Canadian Court Administrators Annual Conference September 14-17, 2003
Description: “…most legal transactions stubbornly still involve paper. Why is there still so much paper in the legal system? The technical and legal reasons have largely fallen away over the past decade. The last remaining impediment appears to be largely horse and buggy thinking.”
Link: paper_optional.pdf